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What is the top places that think in your mind when somebody reminds Hanoi?

Jostling and bustling? Busy street and dynamic environment?

Yes! That’s totally right to describe about Hanoi.

But do you know that Hanoi, apart from the modern space, has another interesting side waiting for you to discover?

Imperial Citadel of Thang Long entrance
Imperial Citadel of Thang Long entrance

The fact is Hanoi is also a capital city where preserves the documentary of the ancient dynasty, with the history of more than 10 centuries. Located at the heart of Hanoi, the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long – Hanoi is the most persuading evidence for this.

The Imperial Citadel of Thang Long – Hanoi was built around 1000 years ago and since has played a significant role throughout the history of Vietnam.

Now, lets discover Thang Long Imperial Citadel with AZ Local Trip, comprising some details like the fee and opening hours.

Tourist Information

Entrance fee:

– Adult: 30.000 VND (~ 1.3 US$) for Vietnamese and foreigners

– Students: 15.000 VND (~ 0.7 US$) (Vietnamese ID, students card required)

– Children under 15: Free

Opening hours: All the week, except Monday, from 8:00 to 17:00

Dress code in Imperial Citadel of Thang Long
Dress code in Imperial Citadel of Thang Long

Dress code:

– Since the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long is an antique place, visitors should care about the dress code as an activity of respect.

– Not allowed: hats, shorts, miniskirts, tank-top,…

History and Cultural Values of The Imperial Citadel of Thang Long Vietnam

Geographical location

Imperial Citadel of Thang Long – Hanoi has a sum area of 18.395 square meters and includes two main parts:

The archaeological site at 18 +Hoang Dieu Street

The central area, including Flag tower (Ky Dai), South Gate (Doan Mon), Kinh Thien Palace, Princess Pagoda (Hau Lau) and North Gate (Bac Mon).

The archaeological site at 18 Hoang Dieu Street

The Imperial Citadel in Hanoi is situated in 19C Hoang Dieu Street, Ba Dinh District, right in the center of Hanoi. It is surrounded by:

– In the North: Phan Dinh Phung Street

– In the West: Hoang Dieu Street

– In the South: Dien Bien Phu Street

– In the East: Nguyen Tri Phuong Street

This projecting area is only 2.5 kilometers from Hoan Kiem lake, also need a 15-minute walk from the temple such as Quan Thanh Temple, Vietnam museum,…

It is so easy to enter from the city center.

History

Imperial Citadel of Thang Long is combined with the history of Hanoi. It is constructed  in an amount of dynasties throughout alternative historic periods.

In the feudal era

In 1010, Dai La (now Hanoi) was decided as the new capital of the country by King Ly Thai To in the Ly Dynasty (1009 – 1225). Shortly after changing the capital, Imperial Citadel of Thang Long was constructed and used in early 1011.

Inside Imperial Citadel of Thang Long
Inside Imperial Citadel of Thang Long

Artistic performance of the central area in Ly dynasty

In the Tran (1226-1400) and Early Le dynasty (1428-1527), The Citadel was used in two dynasties.. They refurbished by new architectures.

The Imperial Citadel of Thang Long was destroyed by wars during the period of Mac (1527-1592) and Le Dynasty (1593-1789).

Then, King Quang Trung (Tay Son Dynasty) (1778 – 1802) moved the capital to Phu Xuan (now is Hue), Thang Long was no longer the capital until the end of Nguyen Dynasty.

In the Nguyen dynasty (1802-1945), King Minh Mang was the person who decided to use a different name, as called in present time.

When the war happened, the French chose Hanoi as the capital of the French Indochina Federation and the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long was devastated for the French Army.

In 1954, when the Vietnamese military took over the liberty of Hanoi, The Citadel became the control center of the Ministry of Defense.

In the present time, Hanoi Imperial Citadel is one of the most places where draws the attention of tourists.

Cultural Values

The Imperial Citadel of Thang Long is a documented historical heritage with more than 10 centuries of history.

Imperial Citadel of Thang Long view
Imperial Citadel of Thang Long view

Many objects and things dating back to from the 6th to the 20th centuries were dug recently at the archaeological site, comprising foundations of old palaces, ancient roads, ponds, wells, and ceramics. The finding helped to divulge the wealth of Vietnamese culture.

Being a charming relic of Vietnam’s history and, showing its historic and cultural importance, The Imperial Citadel of Thang Long was located in top 10 national treasures of Vietnam in 2009. In 2010, it was formally recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Unfortunately, during war periods, many parts of the Citadel were destroyed and unable to recreate. However, remaining architectures have been preserved and since become some of the most popular tourist attractions in Hanoi.

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